Foster Care

Navigating the Journey of Fostering in South Carolina: Our Guide

We understand that it’s a big decision to become a foster parent in South Carolina. Let us help you with the information you need!

Right now, more than 3,600 kids are in foster care across South Carolina. 

These kids in care need great foster parents who can give them love and support to grow and have a good future. 

If you're looking to help out and make a big difference in the life of a child, becoming a foster parent in South Carolina is one of the best things you can do. However, we understand that it’s a big decision. 

To help guide you, we’ve put some information together specific to the state of South Carolina. This post covers:

  • Requirements for becoming a foster parent in South Carolina
  • The foster care application process
  • The home study process
  • Preservice sessions
  • And more

Becoming a Foster Parent in South Carolina: First Steps

The first step you’ll need to take to become a foster parent in South Carolina is to make sure you meet the minimum requirements.

In South Carolina, the requirements are:

  • You must be at least 18 years old
  • If married, you must be married for at least one year and complete a Prepare and Enrich marriage survey
  • You must have a home that meets the Home and Adoptive Home Regulations 
  • You must have a home that has enough space for a child in care and their possessions 
  • You must show the ability to provide a safe and stable home for a child in care
  • You must have enough income to care for a child 
  • You must be in good health with clear medical reports
  • You must pass criminal background checks in the state

Starting the Application Process

Once you meet the requirements listed above, you can start the application process!

There are two options you can take here:

  1. You can find the proper form yourself and fill it out. On the South Carolina Department of Social Services website, there is an application form for you to fill out. 
  2. You can work with an organization in your area that can help you get the process started and answer any questions you might have. 

For example, Mentor Foster Care, a member of the Sevita family, helps potential foster parents through the application process to become foster parents in South Carolina. We also offer opportunities for continued skill development for foster parents and on-call support.

Detailed Steps: Preservice Sessions and Home Study

Once you’ve filled out an application and it has been approved, there are more steps you’ll need to complete.

Completing Preservice Sessions

In the state of South Carolina, you’ll need to complete at least 15 hours of preservice sessions to become a foster parent. For therapeutic foster care, you'll need 32 hours of preservice sessions. 

These sessions are held by the SC Foster Parent Association, and they cover the role of foster parents and other allies in the child welfare system. Preservice sessions also go over the requirements and responsibilities associated with looking after a child in care.

If you would like to foster a child with medically complex needs or a child living with trauma (therapeutic foster care), you’ll need additional preservice sessions. These sessions are to ensure that you’ll be prepared to provide the level of care that these children need. 

Home Study

To become a foster parent in South Carolina, you’ll need to complete a home study. This comprehensive evaluation assesses the safety, suitability, and readiness of your home and family environment for a child in care. 

Here's a closer look at what this involves in South Carolina:

Key Components of a South Carolina Home Study

  • Safety assessment - The primary focus is ensuring that your home is a safe environment for a child. This includes checking for working smoke detectors, secure storage of hazardous materials (like cleaning chemicals), and a safe sleeping area for a child in care. 
  • Family routines - The home study dives into your family's lifestyle and daily routines. It considers how a child in care would fit into your family and the impact on existing family members.
  • Family interviews - The process involves in-depth interviews with all family members. These discussions cover different topics, including motivations for fostering, understanding of the challenges involved, and preparedness to handle potential issues like trauma or behavioral challenges in children in care.
  • Financial review - There's an assessment of your financial stability to ensure you can provide for a child in care. This includes reviewing employment status and financial documents.
  • Background checks - Background checks are done for all adult members of the household. This is to ensure the safety and well-being of a child in care.
  • References and support systems - References are checked, and your support systems are evaluated. This includes understanding how your network of family, friends, and community resources can provide support to you as a foster parent.

The Reflective Nature of the Home Study

The home study in South Carolina is not just a requirement: It’s a chance for foster parents to reflect on their own readiness!

  • Self-evaluation - The home study allows you to reflect on your reasons for becoming a foster parent, your expectations, and how you plan to bring a child in care into your life.
  • Skill building - Throughout the process, you gain valuable insights about how to foster a child. This includes understanding the emotional needs of children in care, the importance of maintaining connections with their biological families, and the possibility of reunification.

The Emotional Journey of Foster Parenting

Becoming a foster parent in South Carolina is an emotional voyage filled with challenges, joys, and profound learning experiences.

Expectations for Prospective Foster Parents

  • Prepare for ups and downs - The journey will be filled with moments of happiness, frustration, sadness, and fulfillment. It’s important to be emotionally prepared for this.
  • Building trust takes time - Many children in care come from backgrounds of instability. Building trust and a bond with them can be a gradual process.
  • Celebrate small milestones - Recognizing and celebrating small successes can be incredibly rewarding.

The Temporary Nature of Fostering and the Focus on Reunification

A crucial aspect of foster care is understanding its temporary nature. The primary goal in the foster system is the reunification of children with their biological families whenever it's safe and possible. 

  • Embrace the role of a temporary guardian - Understand that your role is to provide a safe and nurturing environment until a more permanent solution is found.
  • Stay focused on what’s best for the child - Keep in mind that reuniting with their birth parents is often in the best interest of the child.
  • Seek support when needed - Join support groups or networks with other foster parents who understand the unique challenges and emotions involved with raising kids in care.

Financial Support for Foster Care in South Carolina

Navigating the financial aspects of foster care is a crucial part of the journey for foster parents in South Carolina. Understanding the support available can help you effectively plan for the addition of a child in care to your household. This section covers the stipends, medical coverage, and financial support provided for children in care by the state of South Carolina.

Understanding Stipends and Financial Support for Foster Parents

In South Carolina, foster parents receive a monthly stipend to help cover the costs associated with caring for a child in care. This financial support is not intended to be a source of income; it helps offset the expenses of daily child care.

  • Stipend amounts - The stipend amount varies based on the age of the child, with different rates for infants, toddlers, school-aged children, and teenagers. These rates are periodically reviewed and adjusted, but as of 2023, they are as follows: 
    • For kids aged 0-5 years: $644 per month
    • For children aged 6-12: $752 per month
    • For teenagers and young adults aged 13-21 years: $794 per month
  • Use of funds - The stipend is meant to cover essentials such as food, clothing, personal care items, and other day-to-day expenses. These funds are reserved for the needs of the child in care.
  • Additional support - Depending on the child’s needs, additional financial support may be available. This could include funding for special activities, educational needs, or other specific requirements.

Additional Allowances and Medical Coverage for Children in Care

Beyond the basic stipend, South Carolina provides additional allowances and comprehensive medical coverage for children in care:

  • Clothing allowance - Foster parents may receive a clothing allowance to ensure that children in care have appropriate attire, especially when a child first enters care or when there's a significant change in seasons or size.
  • Educational support - There may be provisions for educational support, including supplies, tutoring, or special educational needs.
  • Medical coverage - Children in care in South Carolina are typically eligible for Medicaid. This coverage includes regular medical check-ups, emergency care, dental care, and mental health services. As a foster parent, it's important to understand how to access these services as an advocate for a child in care.

Navigating Financial Resources

Prospective foster parents in South Carolina should:

  • Stay informed - Keep updated on the latest information regarding stipends from the state, as these can change.
  • Seek guidance - Don’t hesitate to ask your caseworker or foster care agency for clarification or additional information regarding financial support.
  • Plan accordingly - Budget and plan for the child’s needs, keeping in mind the support provided through stipends.

Other Considerations for Foster Care in South Carolina 

In addition to the fundamental aspects of foster care, there are several special considerations in South Carolina that prospective foster parents should be aware of.


These include the importance of providing homes for sibling groups and children with special needs, understanding the concept of relief support, and the opportunity to foster-to-adopt.

Homes for Sibling Groups and Children with Special Needs

In South Carolina, there is a significant need for foster homes that can accommodate sibling groups and children with special needs.

  • Sibling groups -  Keeping siblings together is a priority in the foster system as it helps maintain family bonds and provides mutual support. Foster parents willing to take in sibling groups play a crucial role in meeting this need.
  • Children with special needs - There is also a high demand for homes that can cater to children with special needs. These children may be living with physical, emotional, or developmental challenges requiring specialized care and attention.
  • Challenges and rewards - Fostering sibling groups or children with special needs comes with unique challenges, including providing specialized care. However, it also brings immense rewards, such as protecting strong bonds between siblings and experiencing breakthrough moments with children living with disabilities.

Relief Support

Relief support, often known as "temporary care," is an essential part of the foster care system in South Carolina.

  • Concept - Relief support involves temporarily placing kids in care with another certified foster family to provide the primary foster parents a short break. This can be for a few days or even a few weeks.
  • Importance - This break is crucial for preventing burnout and ensuring that foster parents can continue to provide the best care. It also allows kids in care to experience different environments and interact with other caregivers.
  • Benefits - For children in care, relief support can be a positive experience, offering them new experiences and interactions. For foster parents, it's an opportunity to recharge and take care of personal needs or family matters.


Fostering to adopt is another opportunity for foster parents in South Carolina.

  • Definition - Foster-to-adopt refers to a situation where a child placed in a foster home eventually becomes legally available for adoption, and the foster parents choose to adopt the child.
  • Process - While not every foster situation leads to adoption, for some children — especially those whose biological parents' rights have been terminated — this can become a path to a permanent family.
  • Consideration - Prospective foster parents interested in foster-to-adopt should express this interest to their caseworker and understand that while the primary goal of fostering is often reunification with biological families, there are cases where adoption becomes a possibility.

Learn More About Foster Care In Our Upcoming Webinar

Looking for more information about South Carolina foster care? Our upcoming webinar can give you the answers. 

By attending a Foster Parent Information Session Webinar and learning more about the fostering process, you can take the first step toward becoming a foster parent and providing a safe, loving, and supportive home for a child in need. 

Sign up for our webinar today, or call our local office to get started!

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